Wednesday, August 31, 2011

2001 Acura MDX General Servicing Procedures

USING R-12 & R-134a REFRIGERANT HANDLING/SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
1) Always work in a well-ventilated, clean area. Avoid breathing refrigerant vapors. Exposure may irritate eyes, nose and throat. Refrigerant is colorless and is invisible as a gas. Refrigerant is heavier than oxygen and will displace oxygen in a confined area.
2) The A/C system high pressure can cause severe injury to eyes and skin if a hose were to burst. Always wear eye protection, gloves and other protective clothing when working around A/C system and refrigerant.
3) Refrigerant evaporates quickly when exposed to atmosphere, freezing anything it contacts. If liquid refrigerant contacts eyes or skin (frostbite), DO NOT rub eyes or skin. Immediately flush affected area with cool water for 15 minutes and consult a doctor or hospital.
4) Never use R-134a in combination with compressed air for leak testing. Pressurized R-134a in the presence of oxygen (air concentrations greater than 60 percent by volume) may form a combustible mixture. DO NOT introduce compressed air into R-134a containers (full or empty), A/C system components or service equipment.
5) DO NOT expose A/C system components to high temperatures, steam cleaning for example, as excessive heat will cause refrigerant/system pressure to increase. Never expose refrigerant directly to open flame. If refrigerant needs to be warmed, place bottom of refrigerant tank in warm water. Water temperature MUST NOT exceed 125 F (52 C). CAUTION: When R-134a is exposed to an open flame, drawn into engine, or detected with a Halide (propane) leak tester, a poisonous gas is formed. Keep work areas well ventilated.
6) Use care when handling refrigerant containers. DO NOT drop, strike, puncture or incinerate containers. Use Department Of Transportation (DOT) approved, DOT 4BW or DOT 4BA refrigerant containers.
7) Never overfill refrigerant containers. The safe filling level of a refrigerant container MUST NOT exceed 60 percent of the container’s gross weight rating. Store refrigerant containers at temperature less than 125 F (52 C).
8) R-134a refrigerant is sold and stored in 30- or 50-pound Light Blue containers, while Freon (R-12) is stored in White colored containers.
9) Refrigerant R-12 and R-134a must never be mixed, as they and their desiccants and lubricants are not compatible. If refrigerants are mixed, system cross-contamination or A/C system component failure may occur. Always use separate servicing and refrigerant recovery/recycling equipment.
10) Follow equipment manufacturer instructions of all service equipment to be used. The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), provided by refrigerant manufacturer/suppliers, contains valuable information regarding the safe handling of refrigerants.
11) Before connecting refrigerant lines always lubricate “O” rings with refrigerant oil.
12) Always plug or cap A/C system refrigerant lines and component connections as soon as possible to protect components from moisture and/or dust. DO NOT remove plugs or caps until ready to install component.


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